Oswestry Disability Index
About the score:
Originally published in 1980 in Physiotherapy, the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) is an outcome measure that was designed to assess function in activities of daily living for those with acute or chronic back pain.
The ODI consists of 10 patient-completed questions in which the response options are presented as 6-point Likert scales. Scores range from 0% (no disability) to 100% (most severe disability).
J.C. T. Fairbank, J. Couper, and J. P. O’Brien. “The Oswestry low back pain disability questionnaire.”Physiotherapy66 (1980): 271-273.
Davidson, Megan, and Jennifer L. Keating. “A comparison of five low back disability questionnaires: reliability and responsiveness.” Physical therapy 82.1 (2002): 8-24.
Fairbank, Jeremy CT, and Paul B. Pynsent. “The Oswestry disability index.” Spine 25.22 (2000): 2940-2953.
About the score developer:
Dr. Jeremy Fairbank is a Professor of Spinal Surgery at the Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology, and Musculoskeletal Sciences and is a recently retired Professor of Spinal Surgery at the Oxford University Hospitals.
To view his publications, please visit PubMed.