36-Item Short Form Survey (SF-36) calculator
About the score:
Originally published in 1992 in Medical Care, the 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) is a measure of health-related quality-of-life. It is a subset of questions from longer instruments that were used in the Medical Outcomes Study. There have been a variety of iterations of this tool, and the version presented here is more specifically known as the RAND SF-36
The SF-36, as described in the name, is a 36-item patient-reported questionnaire that covers eight health domains: physical functioning (10 items), bodily pain (2 items), role limitations due to physical health problems (4 items), role limitations due to personal or emotional problems (4 items), emotional well-being (5 items), social functioning (2 items), energy/fatigue (4 items), and general health perceptions (5 items). Scores for each domain range from 0 to 100, with a higher score defining a more favorable health state.
Ware Jr, John E., and Cathy Donald Sherbourne. “The MOS 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36): I. Conceptual framework and item selection.” Medical care (1992): 473-483.
Hays, Ron D., Cathy Donald Sherbourne, and Rebecca M. Mazel. “The rand 36‐item health survey 1.0.” Health economics 2.3 (1993): 217-227.
Söderman, Peter, and Henrik Malchau. “Is the Harris hip score system useful to study the outcome of total hip replacement?.”Clinical orthopaedics and related research 384 (2001): 189-197.
Laucis, Nicholas C., Ron D. Hays, and Timothy Bhattacharyya. “Scoring the SF-36 in orthopaedics: a brief guide.” The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume 97.19 (2015): 1628.
About the score developer:
Dr. Cathy Sherbourne is a senior policy research at the RAND Corporation. She specializes in health outcome measurements for adults and children, with a focus on mental health issues.
To view her publications, please visit PubMed.