Tampa Scale Calculator
About the score:
The concept of kinesiophobia was introduced in 1990 at the Ninth Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Pain Society and the Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia (TSK) was subsequently introduced in 1991. The term kinesiophobia refers to a fear of pain with movement – i.e., movements which a patient is hesitant to perform due to fear that the movement will elicit pain.
The TSK was originally developed to assess self-reported fear of movement in patients with lower back pain. However, it has been subsequently used to assess kinesiophobia in patients with a wide variety of conditions, such as conditions of the knees, or shoulders.
The TSK consists of 17 questions. A score of 17 is the lowest possible score, and indicates no kinesiophobia or negligible. A score of 68 is the highest possible score and indicates extreme fear of pain with movement.
For certain conditions, the score on the TKA has been shown to correlate with other measures of functional improvement following surgery or injury.
Kori, S. H. “Kinesiophobia: a new view of chronic pain behavior.” Pain Manage (1990): 35-43.
Miller, Robert P., Shashidar H. Kori, and Dennis D. Todd. “The Tampa Scale: a measure of kinisophobia.” The Clinical Journal of Pain 7.1 (1991): 51.
French, Douglas J., et al. “Fear of movement/(re) injury in chronic pain: a psychometric assessment of the original English version of the Tampa scale for kinesiophobia (TSK).” Pain 127.1-2 (2007): 42-51.
Swinkels-Meewisse, E. J. C. M., et al. “Psychometric properties of the Tampa Scale for kinesiophobia and the fear-avoidance beliefs questionnaire in acute low back pain.” Manual therapy 8.1 (2003): 29-36.
Bunzli, Samantha, et al. “What Do People Who Score Highly on the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia Really Believe?.” The Clinical journal of pain 31.7 (2015): 621-632.
About the score developer:
Dr. Sashidhar H. Kori is currently Chief Medical Officer of Trigemina, Inc. His current position follows a long clinical and research career, during which he was Vice Chair of Neurology at the University of South Florida and subsequently the Director of Pain and Palliative Care at Duke University. His research and clinical interests have focused on pain and pain relief, particularly as related to neurologic function.
To view his publications, please visit PubMed.