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American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) shoulder index score calculator

About the score:

Originally published in 1994 in the Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Shoulder Score (ASES) was designed to assess the condition of the shoulder, regardless of disease pathology.

The ASES is a composite instrument, requiring both a physician assessment and a patient-completed portion; however, it is commonly presented as solely the patient-reported survey. This includes a section on pain (7 items) and a section on activities of daily living (10 items). Scores range from 0 to 100 with a score of 0 indicating a worse shoulder condition and 100 indicating a better shoulder condition.

Original Literature:

Richards, Robin R., et al. “A standardized method for the assessment of shoulder function.” Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery 3.6 (1994): 347-352.

Validation Literature:

Michener, Lori A., Philip W. McClure, and Brian J. Sennett. “American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Standardized Shoulder Assessment Form, patient self-report section: reliability, validity, and responsiveness.” Journal of shoulder and elbow surgery 11.6 (2002): 587-594.

Additional Literature:

Schmidt, Stefanie, et al. “Evaluation of shoulder-specific patient-reported outcome measures: a systematic and standardized comparison of available evidence.” Journal of shoulder and elbow surgery 23.3 (2014): 434-444.

About the score developer:

Dr. Joseph Zuckerman is the Chair and Walter A.L. Thompson Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery at the New York University Langone Medical Center.

To view his publications, please visit PubMed.